If you are readying yourself to buy your first home, keep in mind that doing so can incur a range of costs and fees, the expense of which can be too easy to overlook. According to a survey reported by What Mortgage in 2017, more than half of first-time buyers spend an average of £4,995 on these various expenses, which are 73% costlier than the buyers initially expect.
For this reason, you could benefit from drawing up a rigorous checklist of what to budget for. This article includes a rundown of the main costs and where they come into play.
What is stamp duty?
“Stamp duty land tax (or land and buildings transaction tax in Scotland and land transaction tax in Wales) is a lump-sum tax that anyone buying a property or land costing more than a set amount has to pay. The rate you’ll pay the tax at varies based on the price of the property and the type” – MoneySavingExpert.com
The government charges stamp duty on homes costing at least £125,001. Nonetheless, first-time buyers get something of a reprieve, as they are exempt from stamp duty on the first £300,000 of a property valued up to £500,000, the Money Advice Service explains.
This is the most commonly understood cost that comes alongside buying a new house. While a mortgage could help you fund most of the home purchase, you will still need to pay a deposit, which is likely to account for at least 5% to 20% of the property’s total selling price. Therefore, for a £250,000 home, you would likely need to pay a deposit of £12,500 to £50,000.
In assessing how large a mortgage they should lend to you, a mortgage lender will factor in the property’s value. However, they are unlikely to carry out a valuation without first charging you a fee that, depending on the property’s value, could be anything from £150 to £1,500.
You should not confuse the lender’s valuation with a complete structural survey. Only the latter will identify the full range of repairs or maintenance potentially necessary for the property. For a fee of £600 or higher, a surveyor can carry out that survey, which could help spare you repair costs later.
The process of buying a home will involve legal work for which you would usually require a solicitor or licensed conveyor. The fees for their services will typically total £850 to £1,500 – including 20% VAT. To look for local plans or issues, they can also do local searches each priced at £250 to £300.
Electronic transfer fee and removal costs
You will typically need to pay £40 to £50 to fund the lender’s transfer of mortgage money to the solicitor. This minor charge is known as the electronic transfer fee. Meanwhile, paying for your items to be moved into the new home can cost £300 to £600, though renting a van and doing it yourself is another option and if you have the time can save you a lot of money.
These can include a £99 to £250 booking fee, mortgage valuation fee of at least £150, and an arrangement fee potentially totalling as much as £2,000. By paying all of these fees upfront rather than as part of the mortgage, you can save yourself interest otherwise payable in the long run.